Traveling around the Mediterranean expose your dog to the risk of contracting a serious disease transmitted by the bite of a midge called sandfly . This disease leishmaniasis. It is a parasitic disease that also affects humans, and is widespread in the world.
What are the exposed animals ?
All dogs traveling to or residing in the Mediterranean can catch the disease .
How is it transmitted leishmaniasis ?
The disease is caused by a microscopic parasite called Leishmania , transmitted by the bite of a midge , the sand fly . Dogs can be bitten 100 times per hour during the active season of the gnat, from May to September .
When an infected midge bites a dog , parasites are deposited on the surface of the skin. A small lesion called a chancre appears , usually on one ear or the nose. The parasite then invades the dog's cells, spreads in the internal organs and begins to affect the immune system.
Clinical signs :
The clinical signs of the disease are highly variable and in some cases appear only several years later . Affected dogs have a fever, lose their hair ( especially around the eyes), thin and may have damage to the skin and claws. Then the internal organs are affected : one example anemia observes a violation of the joints , eyes and kidneys.
Prevention and Control :
The treatment of leishmaniasis is complicated and does not totally get rid of the parasite. This is why prevention is essential . You can protect your dog attacks sandfly during their active season , eg using collars based deltamethrin, which also allow for protection against ticks .